This article covers the differences between the Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise version.
The main difference between the two versions is that the Windows Enterprise has the exclusive option of running LTSB (Long Term Service Branch), and you have the possibility to 100% remove windows upgrade.
LTSB is a licensing option for Windows 10 Enterprise and is available only for customers with a Volume License agreement. The LTSB release will receive a standard monthly security and reliability update. This will happen for an extended 10-year support period. During the life of the LTSB, no new features are added.
Windows professional editions usually comes with more features and software (bloatware...) and requires more effort when tweaking for optimal WATCHOUT performance. Later versions of Windows Pro contain more features and has a larger footprint.
At Dataton we are using Enterprise 1607 LTSB and Enterprise 1709 and have decided not to spend time to configure and tweak other editions. Also note you will need a volume licensing agreement if you are deploying a clone image to multiple devices.
You can probably use which edition you want.